Thus intonation is principally emotive. At the last level, an algorithmic operation generates the final output of pitch. Tone, normal stress and tune are all-or-none, while contrastive stress and intonation are entirely gradient. The gradient forms, generally umpredictable, predominate over the all- or-none forms, and all-or-none forms, generally predictable, provide the decisive clue to the special quality of an utterance.
The Hand Book of English Intonation. Leipzig and Berlin : Heffer. Generality , Gradienoe and the all-or- None. The Hague : Mouton. Cambridge , pp. Greenberg et al. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press. A Grammar of Spoken Chinese.
Intonation | speech | antrapelliga.ga
Prosodie Systems and Intonation in English. Cambridge: University Press. De Francis John F. Beginning Chinese.
New Haven: Yale University Press. A Generative Model of Intonation. Prosody: Models and measurements, ed. Robert Ladd, Acoustico-phonetia Studies in the Intonation of Southern Swedish. Lund: Gleerup. HO Aichen T. The Chinese Language Today.
- The Phonology of Tone and Intonation by Carlos Gussenhoven - antrapelliga.ga.
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London: Hut- chinson University Library. Peak features and overall slope. Prosody: models and measurements, ed. Intonation, Perception and Language. The Phonology and Phonetics of English Intonation. MIT Dissertation. PIKE Kenneth The Intonation of American English.
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. RAND Earl The Syntaxe of Mandarin Interrogatives. Paris: Klincksieck. Tone and Intonation in Modern Chinese. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta. Lyovin, pp. Cite Julita. October 1, I like the simple explanation. Thanks a million! Tone is used to distinguish between lexical or grammatical meaning. Name required.
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Abramson, Arthur S. Copenhagen, pp. Fromkin, Victoria A. Goldsmith, John A. Kreidler ed. Critical concepts. London, New York: Routledge. Chapter 46, pp. Goldsmith , John A. Malden, Mass. Snider, Harry van der Hulst eds. Berlin: de Gruyter, pp.